Description: Burgoyne A. Diller
(New York, 1906-1965)
gouache and graphite on paper
signed lower right.
From Ask Art: Recognized as the first American painter to embrace the tenets of Neo-Plasticism, Burgoyne Diller made an important contribution to the development of non-objective art in the United States, paving the way for the development of American Minimalism during the 1960s and 70s.
Born in New York City in 1906, Diller began painting and drawing as a teenager. In 1929, Diller moved to Manhattan and enrolled at the Art Students solo exhibition at the Contemporary Arts Gallery in New York. In the ensuing years, Diller synthesized the crisp geometric forms and primary colors and blacks and whites of Constructivism with his own personal approach to line, space, and form, and in so doing arrived at a very personal style.
In 1935 he was hired as Director of the Mural Division of the WPA Federal Arts Project and in that capacity he provided commissions to fellow abstractionists such as Arshile Gorky, Stuart Davis, Willem de Kooning, Ilya Bolotowsky, and others.
Diller was employed by the Federal Arts Project until 1940. During the second world war, Diller was director of the War Service Art Section in New York. He was also connected to the navy's visual aid division, where he designed a black-and-white signal system for ship-to-ship communication. In 1945, he joined the design department at Brooklyn College, remaining there until 1964. Since his death in New York in 1965, Diller's work has been included in many exhibitions devoted to modern art in the United States, including Abstract Paintings and Sculpture in America: 1927-1944, organized by the Carnegie Museum of Art in Pittsburgh (1983). There have also been several posthumous exhibitions, most recently Burgoyne Diller, held at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York (1990).
Examples of Diller's work can be found in major public collections, including the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; the New York University Art Collection; the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; the Walker Art Gallery, Minneapolis; the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut; the Cleveland Museum of Art; the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh; the Syracuse Museum of Fine Arts, New York; and the Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, Lincoln, Nebraska, among others.
9 1/4"H x 7 1/4" (sight), 13 1/2"H x 11 1/2"W (frame)
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